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The 10 Captivating Romance Subgenres



Love has been a central topic in storytelling throughout different cultures and periods, with all its intricacies and subtle variations. The romance genre, celebrated for its exploration of the human heart, is as old as literature itself. The genre of romance has proven to be versatile, consistently adapting to depict the evolving dynamics of love. From the doomed love stories of ancient myths to the complex relationships portrayed in contemporary literature and film, romance has continuously reflected the changing understanding and experiences of love throughout history.

To understand the science behind love and lust, take a look at this article written by Katherine Wu where she gets into the nitty gritty details of that. Love, Actually: The science behind lust, attraction, and companionship

The romance genre has not remained static. It has branched out into a myriad of subgenres, each offering a unique window into the various forms love can take.

This discussion will cover the history of the romance genre, followed by ten captivating subgenres. This exploration is more than just understanding various love stories; it’s about recognizing the enduring appeal of the romance genre.



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Critical Theory of Romance

For more information on critical theory of the romance genre, check out the books listed below.

Dangerous Books For Girls by Maya Rodale: This book delves into the misconceptions and cultural significance of romance novels, exploring how they have been both dismissed as trivial and celebrated as empowering for women, challenging stereotypes and showcasing their impact on readers and society.

A Natural History of the Romance Novel by Pamela Regis: An academic yet accessible study that traces the evolution and conventions of the romance novel genre, highlighting its literary significance and the ways it has shaped and responded to societal changes.

Pursuing Happiness by Laura Vivanco: A scholarly exploration of how contemporary romance novels portray themes of happiness, analyzing the narratives and character development that guide characters towards personal fulfillment and romantic love, reflecting broader societal notions of happiness.

Historical Overview

Tracing the Roots

The allure of romantic storytelling is as old as human civilization itself. Many ancient myths and legends from different cultures incorporated romantic elements, showcasing the strength of love between gods and humans. The Greek mythology of Eros and Psyche, along with the tragic love story of Orpheus and Eurydice, demonstrate the early incorporation of romance as a central element in storytelling.

Medieval and Renaissance Influences

The concept of romantic love took a more defined shape during the medieval era, particularly with the tradition of courtly love in European literature. This era’s literature, characterized by chivalrous knights and their courtship of noble ladies, laid the groundwork for many romantic tropes still popular today. The Renaissance period continued this trend, with works like Dante’s La Vita Nuova and Shakespeare’s sonnets and plays, further enriching the genre.

The 19th Century Boom

The 19th century was a golden era for the romance genre, particularly with the rise of female authors who brought new depth and perspective to romantic storytelling. Jane Austen revolutionized the romance genre with novels like Pride and Prejudice, while the Brontë sisters, in works such as Wuthering Heights and Jane Eyre, pushed the boundaries of character development and plot sophistication, redefining societal norms in their narratives.

20th Century Expansion

The 20th century saw an explosion of diversity in the romance genre. With the arrival of mass-produced paperbacks in the mid-20th century, romance novels became more easily obtainable. This period witnessed the rise of different subgenres, reflecting the changing social attitudes towards love, sex, and relationships. Authors like Barbara Cartland and Nora Roberts emerged, popularizing and diversifying the genre even further.

The Modern Landscape

Today, the romance genre is thriving with an unprecedented diversity in storytelling. It has become more welcoming and varied, incorporating a broad spectrum of experiences, backgrounds, and settings. The genre now challenges and redefines traditional notions of love and romance, reflecting contemporary issues and embracing a global perspective.

The 10 Romance Subgenres

Historical Romance

Historical Romance

Historical Romance takes you away into a time machine with a romantic twist. Picture yourself adorned in the intricate fabrics of past centuries, exploring meticulously recreated historical environments. Novels like Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen and Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell skillfully combine true historical essence with the eternal dynamics of love and passion. These stories take you back in time, where social conventions and vivid settings enhance the romance, making every detail, from cobblestone streets to elegant dresses, a crucial part of the love story.

The charm of Historical Romance is its power to take us to distant times and places, from the royal courts of Tudor England in The Other Boleyn Girl by Philippa Gregory to the conflicted American South during the Civil War in Gone with the Wind (1939). The backgrounds are packed with historical details that make the story come alive and add to the romance, giving you a glimpse into the past.

Historical Romance captures the interest of not just book lovers, but also those who crave a mix of love, mystery, and a glimpse into the past. Movies like Sense and Sensibility (1995) and The Duchess (2008) visually capture the spirit of these eras. This subgenre invites audiences to delve into the complexities of human relationships set against the rich tapestry of historical authenticity.

If you liked this, check out The 10 Subgenres of Historical Fiction.

Contemporary Romance

Contemporary RomanceContemporary Romance captures the pulse of modern life, intertwining love stories with today’s realities. Characters in novels like Me Before You by Jojo Moyes and The Hating Game by Sally Thorne face contemporary challenges, from complex social dynamics to balancing careers with personal lives, making their stories relatable. For instance, The Notebook by Nicholas Sparks beautifully transitions through time, yet it captures the essence of contemporary life during the periods it portrays.

The appeal of Contemporary Romance lies in its relevance and immediacy, offering insights into the world around us, from the energy of urban life to the calm of the suburbs. Films like La La Land (2016) and Crazy Rich Asians (2018) delve into how personal and cultural differences shape romantic relationships in modern society, providing a realistic portrayal of love in today’s world.

Additionally, Contemporary Romance deals with bigger issues like gender roles and tech’s impact on relationships, mixing entertainment with thoughtful commentary. This subgenre invites readers to navigate the intricacies of love in a rapidly changing world, offering both escapism and a chance to reflect on the complexities of contemporary life.

Romantic Comedy (Rom-Com)

Romantic ComedyRomantic Comedy (Rom-Com) blends the warmth of romance with humor, creating stories that captivate and amuse. This subgenre thrives on witty dialogue, charming misunderstandings, and irresistible chemistry. This often lead characters into hilariously unusual situations. Novels like Can You Keep a Secret? by Sophie Kinsella exemplify this genre with their engaging plots and light-hearted nature, making them a popular choice for those seeking an entertaining escape.

The charm of Rom-Coms lies in their seamless integration of comedy with romance. Films like The Proposal (2009) and Silver Linings Playbook (2012) demonstrate how humor can both spark and support romantic connections that leads to unexpected and heartwarming developments. Humor and romance work together to make Rom-Coms relatable and enjoyable.

Romantic Comedies provide a delightful blend of laughter and love, continually endearing them to audiences across the romance genre spectrum.

If you liked this, then check out The 10 Subgenres of Comedy

Young Adult Romance (YA)

Young AdultYoung Adult Romance (YA) captures the intense emotions of teenage and early adult years, focusing on themes like first love, self-discovery, and the challenges of growing up. This subgenre connects with its audience by authentically exploring the ups and downs of young love. Novels like The Fault in Our Stars by John Green and Eleanor & Park by Rainbow Rowell genuinely reflect the complexities of youthful relationships.

YA Romance often portrays the passionate journeys of young characters navigating their formative years, intertwining romance with significant life challenges. For example, To All the Boys I’ve Loved Before by Jenny Han combines the thrill and awkwardness of first love with issues of family and identity. Films like The Perks of Being a Wallflower (2012) similarly capture the nuances of teenage life, focusing on love, friendship, and personal growth.

Moreover, YA Romance addresses critical and sensitive topics such as mental health and societal expectations, often within the framework of a love story. This subgenre not only entertains but also educates and connects with young readers. It provides insights and empathy that make it a significant part of the literary landscape for adolescents and adults alike.

Romantic Suspense

Romantic SuspenseRomantic Suspense combines the thrill of a thriller with the emotional depth of a romance, creating a genre where love flourishes amid danger. This subgenre captures the essence of intrigue and passion, as seen in classic literature like Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier, where a young bride confronts the eerie legacy of her husband’s first wife. The mix of mystery and romance engages readers, drawing them into a journey filled with emotional and suspenseful twists.

The attraction of Romantic Suspense stems from the continuous tension and excitement that surrounds the central romance. Novels like Kill and Tell by Linda Howard and The Witness by Nora Roberts exemplify this, with characters embroiled in dangerous situations that intensify their romantic connections. This makes moments of safety and intimacy very emotional.

In cinema, films such as North by Northwest (1959) and The Bodyguard (1992) effectively bring these suspenseful stories to life, showcasing how love can emerge under the most challenging circumstances. Romantic Suspense captivates by blending the excitement of danger with deep romantic bonds, creating narratives that are both thrilling and deeply moving.

If you liked this, then check out The 10 Subgenres of Mystery and Thrillers.

Paranormal Romance

Paranormal RomanceParanormal Romance merges the supernatural with the allure of romance, creating a world where extraordinary beings like vampires, werewolves, and witches engage in deeply human relationships. Novels like Twilight by Stephenie Meyer and Discovery of Witches by Deborah Harkness exemplify this subgenre, where romantic connections surpass the boundaries of reality. Paranormal Romance captivates by blending normal emotions with fantastical elements, forming a unique backdrop for love stories.

This subgenre’s distinctiveness lies in its characters, who, despite their supernatural traits, experience very human emotions and dilemmas. For example, Dead Until Dark by Charlaine Harris features a telepathic waitress in love with a vampire, blending elements of mystery, horror, and romance in a world where the paranormal is commonplace. This fusion makes the stories both intriguing and relatable, as it intensifies the characters’ experiences and relationships.

Paranormal Romance shines through movies like, what I believe is the greatest example, Ghost (1990). This film tells a story about a woman who communicates with her deceased lover through a psychic, blending romance with supernatural elements. This film explore how extraordinary conditions can heighten the emotional depth of a narrative This makes Paranormal Romance a profound commentary on the complexities of love and connection.

If you liked this, then check out The 10 Subgenres of Horror.

Fantasy Romance

Fantasy RomanceFantasy Romance blends the intricate world-building of fantasy with the deep exploration of romantic relationships, creating a realm where love transcends the ordinary. Magical realms and mythical creatures are central, shaping the romance in novels like A Court of Thorns and Roses by Sarah J. Maas and Stardust by Neil Gaiman, where protagonists’ journeys through enchanted landscapes are intertwined with personal growth and romantic discovery.

The allure of Fantasy Romance is its capacity to transport readers to extraordinary worlds where love might be a magical contract or a destiny-bound partnership that influences the fate of kingdoms. The fantastical settings amplify the emotional depth, allowing for a rich exploration of themes like power, sacrifice, and destiny. For instance, Outlander by Diana Gabaldon merges historical and fantasy romance through time travel, delving into the complex relationship between characters from different centuries.

Films like Ladyhawke (1985) and The Princess Bride (1987) visually bring these epic, romantic adventures to life, often featuring trials and curses that test the strength of love. Fantasy Romance not only offers escapism but also inspires with its depiction of love as a formidable force in fantastical settings, appealing to those who seek both adventure and a profound, emotionally charged exploration of love.

If you liked this, then check out The 10 Subgenres of Fantasy.

Science Fiction Romance

Science Fiction RomanceScience Fiction Romance blends speculative science fiction elements with the intimate dynamics of romantic relationships, exploring how love unfolds in futuristic settings where technology, space exploration, and time travel redefine human interactions. Novels like The Time Traveler’s Wife by Audrey Niffenegger and This Is How You Lose the Time War by Amal El-Mohtar and Max Gladstone showcase relationships that span different times and spaces, challenging traditional notions of love.

The appeal of Science Fiction Romance lies in its exploration of future possibilities for emotional connections, examining how advancements affect intimacy and relationships. For example, These Broken Stars by Amie Kaufman and Meagan Spooner uses a crash landing on a deserted planet to delve into themes of survival and evolving relationship dynamics within a sci-fi context.

In film, Science Fiction Romance comes to life in movies like Her (2013) and Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004), which explore the impact of artificial intelligence and memory manipulation on relationships. This subgenre captivates by merging futuristic sci-fi concepts with the timeless appeal of romance, offering narratives that are both thought-provoking and emotionally engaging. It encourages audiences to reflect on the evolving nature of human connections in our technology-driven world.

If you liked this, then check out The 10 Subgenres of Science Fiction.

Doomed Romance

Doomed RomanceDoomed Romance explores the tragic world of love stories destined for heartache due to insurmountable obstacles or inevitable tragedy. This subgenre features tales of star-crossed lovers and doomed relationships that highlight the depths of passion and the anguish of loss. Classics like Romeo and Juliet by William Shakespeare and Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë are quintessential examples, depicting intense relationships that lead to disastrous conclusions.

The appeal of Doomed Romance stems from its exploration of the dramatic extremes of love, including forbidden affections and societal barriers that thwart a traditional happy ending. For instance, The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald examines the unrequited and obsessive love that ultimately dictates the protagonist’s fate, offering insights into the American Dream and the high costs of idealism.

In film, Doomed Romance is vividly portrayed in movies like Titanic (1997) and Blue Valentine (2010), where external forces and personal flaws render love unattainable. These stories deeply resonate with audiences, providing cathartic experiences that prompt reflection on the bitter aspects of love and the complexities of human emotions. This subgenre offers a powerful examination of the tragic side of love and its impact on the human condition.


EroticaErotica distinguishes itself within the romance genre with its explicit focus on sexual relationships, blending detailed and graphic intimacy with emotional and romantic storylines. This subgenre delves into the physical aspects of love, providing a bold, unfiltered view of desire and passion. Works like Bared to You by Sylvia Day highlight this, showing how deep connections between characters are shaped by both emotional healing and physical interactions.

Erotica’s appeal lies in its forthright depiction of sexuality as crucial to character development and plot progression, exploring intimate encounters that are central to the narrative. This approach allows for the exploration of complex themes like power dynamics and vulnerability, as seen in The Chateau: An Erotic Thriller by Tiffany Reisz, which combines a gripping plot with a profound look at desire and control.

Films like Secretary (2002) and Nine 1/2 Weeks (1986) translate the depth of erotica to the screen, challenging conventional romance portrayals and delving into the psychological aspects of erotic relationships. Erotica offers a deeper, more explicit examination of the interplay between love, desire, and intimacy, appealing to those seeking a nuanced and engaging perspective on romantic relationships.

Writing Tips

I’ve always believed that writing romance works well when you write based on experience. I think as a rule, writing stories should always start with what you know. Not only it’ll be easier and feel smoother to write, but it will also be authentic and raw. However, when you look at the subgenres of paranormal, fantasy, and sci-fi, it’s hard to imagine how these writers wrote what they knew if the setting is nothing but fantastical.

Here is a brief guide to writing romance:

Understand the Core Elements of Romance

  • Central Love Story: The heart of a romance novel is the developing romantic relationship between two characters.

  • Emotional Connection: Focus on building a deep emotional connection between the characters. This includes both the highs of love and the lows of potential conflict or misunderstandings.

  • Happy or Hopeful Ending: Romance stories traditionally have a happy or hopeful ending, where love triumphs.

Create Compelling Characters

  • Relatable Protagonists: Develop well-rounded main characters with distinct personalities, flaws, and growth arcs.

  • Chemistry: Craft believable chemistry through dialogue, shared experiences, and emotional intimacy.

  • Supporting Cast: Use secondary characters to enrich the story, but keep the main focus on the central couple.

Build an Engaging Romantic Arc

  • Meet-Cute and Setup: Design a memorable first meeting or scenario that sparks the romantic journey.

  • Conflict and Tension: Introduce internal or external conflicts that challenge the relationship, adding depth and interest.

  • Resolution: Resolve conflicts in a way that is satisfying and aligns with the characters’ growth.

Set the Scene

  • Vivid Settings: Use settings to enhance the mood and tone of the romance. Whether it’s a bustling city or a quiet countryside, the setting can add an extra layer to the story.

  • Atmosphere: Create an atmosphere that complements the romance, whether it’s light and humorous, dark and mysterious, or sweet and cozy.

Emphasize Emotional Depth

  • Show, Don’t Tell: Use actions, dialogue, and body language to show the characters’ feelings and the development of their relationship.

  • Inner Conflicts: Explore the characters’ internal struggles and how these affect their romance.

  • Growth Through Love: Show how the relationship contributes to the characters’ personal growth.

Pay Attention to Pacing

  • Balanced Pacing: Balance moments of romantic development with plot progression and character growth. Avoid rushing the romance or dragging it out too long.

  • Dynamic Interactions: Keep interactions dynamic and evolving to maintain reader interest.

Know Your Subgenre

  • Adhere to Subgenre Conventions: Each romance subgenre, from historical to paranormal, has its own conventions and reader expectations. Be aware of these when writing your story.

  • Unique Twist: While following genre conventions, find ways to add your own unique twist or angle to stand out.

Edit and Polish

  • Revise for Cohesion: Ensure that the romantic development feels natural and consistent.

  • Feedback: Seek feedback from beta readers, particularly romance readers, to gain insight into how your romance is perceived.

  • Professional Editing: Consider professional editing to polish your manuscript, focusing on aspects like character consistency, pacing, and romantic tension.

If you enjoyed that, then check out this workbook I created, Story Prompts Romance, if you want to put your romantic writing skills to the test. I provide ten story prompts for each genre along with writing tips and key elements.

Final Thoughts

The romance genre provides a wide range of stories that capture the essence of the human heart, from epic historical sagas to modern tales that make your heart flutter with excitement. As we’ve explored, each subgenre caters to a wide array of tastes and preferences, showcasing the multifaceted nature of love itself.

Writing romance, as we’ve seen, is an art that balances emotional depth with engaging storytelling. The key to success in crafting characters, developing romantic storylines, and creating immersive settings is to tap into the universal emotions of love, longing, and belonging.

By understanding the nuances of the genre and its many subgenres, writers can create stories that resonate deeply with readers, offering escape, comfort, and the timeless thrill of falling in love.

As we close this exploration, it’s clear that the romance genre, in all its forms, continues to captivate and enchant. It evolves with time, reflecting changing societal norms and diverse experiences, yet its core remains unchanged: the exploration of love in all its forms. Whether you’re a reader, a writer, or a lover of great stories, the world of romance offers endless possibilities for exploration, reflection, and, above all, the celebration of love.

If you enjoyed this post about the genre of romance, check out my other posts on other Genres.